Tea Growing Areas
Inda – Assam
The Assam plantations are 1,000 metres above sea level, on both sides of the Brahmaputra River in the
northeast of India. The region has a tropical climate, and this is also where one of the two original tea plants, the ‘Thea assamica’ was discovered. This robust-flavoured and spicy tea grows on about 2,000 plantations and has a full dark cup colour.
India - Darjeeling
The tea gardens are located at altitudes of over 2,000 metres on the southern slopes of the Himalayas in the north of India around the city of Darjeeling.
The tea plants grow very slowly at these extreme altitudes. This, combined with with intensive sunlight, causes the tea leaves to develop a very
flowery-fine tea aroma. Darjeeling’s top varieties are also known as ‘the champagne of tea’ because of their delicious character and light cup colour.
Nepal - SIKKIM - DOOARS - NILGIRI
In addition to Darjeeling and Assam, there are other interesting tea growing areas in the northeast and in the mountain ranges in southwest India. The province of Sikkim, north of the Darjeeling tea growing area, lies in the Himalayas. Sikkim tea has a similar character to Darjeeling tea but generally has a slightly more robust flavour.
The province of Dooars lies at the foot of the Himalayas between Assam and Darjeeling. Dooars tea is aromatic with a slightly spicy character and a light brown infusion. The Nilgiri tea growing areas are situated in the Nilgiri Hills and Travancore Which are located in southwest India.
In this region, the tea grows at an altitude of 200 to over 2500 metres.
Ceylon tea is grown in Sri Lanka and is named after the former name of the island ‘Ceylon’. Good Ceylon tea is lively and has a fruity tart taste as well as a red-brown infusion colour. It is also suitable for harder water. The best qualities are cultivated in the UVA district at altitudes of 1,500 to over 2,000 metres, with larger quantities at altitudes of up to 1,000 metres.
China is considered the cradle of tea and harbours a wide array of tea varieties. Green tea, black tea, oolong tea, white tea, Pu-Erh tea and flavoured tea are grown in all central and southern provinces of China.
Buddhist monks brought the first tea plants to Japan from a trip to China and planted them in the Uji Monastery in Kyoto District.
Sencha tea is mainly produced in Japan. These teas are known for a fresh, grassy, delicate and aromatic taste with a light sweetness. The infusion colour is a bright green.
Tea has been traditionally grown in South Vietnam and North Vietnam for many years. For example, a remarkable variety of teas, such as jade oolong, green tea and jasmine tea comes from the Lam Dong plateau in southern of Vietnam.
Today, there are many tea growing areas in Africa: Burundi, Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zaire and Zimbabwe where mostly broken tea as well as rooibos tea and honeybush is produced.